One thing that is important when a child begins to interact within society is the formation and understanding of their own identity to themselves. In the early child hood years identity is formed through a process called “identification” where a child attempts to look, act, feel and be like other people in their environment. An important key in forming social development and identity is the discovery of ones sex and the sex roles that go with it. Identity is usually formed through observation and imitation of others in their lives who are available and who the child pays a lot of attention to. Kohlberg (1966) believed that children went through certain stages in acquiring their sex roles.
* Basic sex-role identity occurs when a child labels themselves either boy or girl.