Identity develops a great deal during the adolescent years. Existing identity and personality must be integrated with new sexual capacities and social relationships. Teens will describe themselves in more varied and general ways than they did earlier on, indicating that they are attempting to bring together all of their multiple ideas of their identity into one true identity. Self-esteem plays a large role in identity formation in the teen years. There is a marked decline in self-esteem at the onset of adolescence, especially among girls.
This reflects the difficulties that teens have adjusting to biological and social changes. Self-esteem should rise throughout adolescence as the new teen adjusts to these changes. Identity formation is an activity that teens actively seek. They attempt to categorize themselves and define themselves through certain activities. It has been proven that families that encourage their teens to express their own views, enhance their child’s identity formation. As well, supportive friendships enhance identity formation.