include severe mental disorders which are characterized by extreme
impairment of a person's ability to think clearly, respond emotionally,
communicate effectively, understand reality, and behave appropriately.
Psychotic symptoms can be seen in teenagers with a number of serious
mental illnesses, such as depression,
(manic-depression), schizophrenia, and with some forms of drug
and alcohol abuse. Psychotic symptoms interfere with a person's
daily functioning and can be quite debilitating. Psychotic symptoms
include delusions and hallucinations.
Delusion: A false, fixed, odd, or unusual belief
firmly held by the patient. The belief is not ordinarily accepted
by other members of the person's culture or subculture. There
are delusions of paranoia (others are plotting against them),
grandiose delusions (exaggerated ideas of one's importance or
identity), and somatic delusions (a healthy person believing that
he/she has a terminal illness).
Hallucination: A sensory perception (seeing,
hearing, feeling, and smelling) in the absence of an outside stimulus.
For example, with auditory hallucinations, the person hears voices
when there is no one talking.
Problems of Children &
Alcohol & Drug
Gay & Lesbian