involves much of the same principles and activities as clinical
psychology, however, counseling psychologists deal less with
abnormal behaviour and more with everyday problems and situations
people may need support in. A counseling psychologist counsels
people about their problems, conflicts and choices in their lives.
They may work in a school, office, hospital or clinic. A counseling
psychologist requires a master's degree, an EdD or a PhD.
There are principles that underlie
the counseling profession. Counseling psychologists
strive to benefit others, respect others autonomy, be just, be
fair and be faithful. As well, counselors follow ethical codes
that educate them about their responsibilities, protect their
clients and improve professional practice.
Counselors may address
issues such as drug
or alcohol abuse, sexual/physical abuse, career/vocational
training, marriage, depression, self-esteem issues, educational
suggestions, fulfillment in life, relationship problems, family
issues, stress management and coping, coping with illness, coping
with death, and parenting techniques. Counselors are trained to
help people to get through an issue or problem that is bothering
them and provide them with the information and guidance they need
to make informed decisions about their lives.
If you are hurting inside, or
your life just doesn't seem to be working, talking with friends
or family members can sometimes help you feel a little better
for a while. But even the most well-meaning friend can't provide
therapy. Therapy is a treatment process that uses specialized
techniques of caring that have been designed to offer effective,
long-lasting help for people suffering from a wide range of difficulties.
One of the biggest misconceptions
about therapy is that seeing a therapist
is a sign of weakness. In fact, quite the opposite is true. Recognizing
the need for help and seeking professional therapy is a sign of
both strength and your determination to live a productive and
meaningful life. Working together, a person and their therapist
will identify goals (what one wants to have happen) and agree
on how one will know when they are making progress. Therapy has
one clear and definite purpose: that something of positive value
and constructive usefulness will come out of it for the client.
Therapy has often been called
the "talking cure," since the exchange of words between
the client and therapist can appear to be the most obvious
form of communication that is going on. In reality, therapy can
offer a much richer experience than the simple exchange of words
and advice. The thoughts and feelings one shares and the professional
techniques the therapist uses are not nearly as important as the
relationship that they build together. Because the relationship
with the therapist is so essential to the effectiveness of the
process, it is very important that a client finds someone with
whom they feel a comfortable connection, a therapist who makes
them feel understood.
As therapy progresses
and the clients trust in the therapist's non-judgmental acceptance
of their thoughts and feelings is established, they will actually
use the relationship as an opportunity to reshape significant
emotional experiences and work through problems in their life.
In therapy, one intentionally makes themselves vulnerable to another
human being and one may talk about some things that are very painful
for them. However, it is the very process of trusting that it's
safe to release ones feelings--the good and the bad--and knowing
that the therapeutic relationship permits one to safely explore
deeply felt sources of conflict and dissatisfaction that will
finally allow one to make lasting, positive changes in their life.
Some types of therapies employed
include adlerian therapy, existential therapy, person centre therapy,
gestalt therapy, reality therapy, behavioural therapy, cognitive
behavioural therapy, feminist therapy, and family systems therapy.
These topics can be found in the below related links.
Person Centre Therapy