Childhood Development & Education
See the section on childhood
development for more information about the specific stages
of child development.
There exist several kinds of early
childhood educational programs. In
almost all countries, children begin their formal schooling at
about age 6.
* Day-care programs are one form of schooling, and they exist
primarily to provide child-care services for parents who work.
* Pre-schools are similar to day-care except that they are more
likely to provide a planned program designed to help social and
cognitive development in the young children. A key concept in
pre-school education is "readiness" training. Readiness
training is when students learn the skills that are supposed
to prepare them for formal instruction later, such as how to follow
directions, stick to a task, co-operate with others, and have
good manners. They are also encouraged to develop positive self-concepts
and improve their physical skills.
* Kindergarten programs are attended by most children the year
before they enter the first grade. The main function of Kindergarten
is similar to that of pre-school. Since pre-school has taken on
a lot of the functions of kindergarten, kindergarten is becoming
more focused on academics, such as reading and arithmetic and
behaviours appropriate in school - lining up and raising hands.