a particular response to a certain stimulus is replaced by a new
response. This new response is supposed to deter the person from
the stimulus. For example, a person may feel positive feelings
towards smoking. Through a behavioral therapy technique
they would learn to feel negatively about their smoking.
Two techniques that are used in
Counterconditioning are aversion therapy and systematic
desensitization. In aversion therapy the client is taught
to experience negative in the presence of the stimulus, with the
aim that the client will eventually feel repelled by the stimulus.
In systematic desensitization, the therapist seeks to help the
client fight anxiety
and other troublesome responses by teaching the client a set of