develops a great deal during the adolescent years. Existing identity
and personality must be integrated with new sexual
capacities and social relationships.
Teens will describe themselves in more varied and general ways
than they did earlier on, indicating that they are attempting
to bring together all of their multiple ideas of their identity
into one true identity. Self-esteem plays a large role in identity
formation in the teen years. There is a marked decline in self-esteem
at the onset of adolescence, especially among girls.
This reflects the difficulties
that teens have adjusting to biological and social
changes. Self-esteem should rise throughout adolescence as the
new teen adjusts to these changes. Identity formation is an activity
that teens actively seek. They attempt to categorize themselves
and define themselves through certain activities. It has been
proven that families that encourage their teens to express their
own views, enhance their child's identity formation. As well,
supportive friendships enhance identity formation.
of Teens & Children