People who suffer from the major
mood disorders - such as problems with feelings
and emotions, experience exaggerations of the same kinds of highs
and lows all human beings experience.
a) Major Depressive Episode: A major depressive
episode is characterized by depressed moods, loss of pleasure
in usual activities, disturbances of appetite and sleep, problems
with physical movement, loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness
and guilt, difficulty remembering or thinking clearly and recurrent
thoughts of death and suicide. When the episodes are recurrent
and long - the person may be experiencing major depressive disorder.
b) Manic Episode: A manic episode is characterized
by an elated, expansive or irritable mood combined with inflated
self-esteem, sleeplessness, talkativeness, flight of ideas (rushing
thoughts), distractibility, hyperactivity and reckless behaviour.
c) Bipolar Disorder: People with bipolar disorder
experience mixed or alternating manic and depressive episodes.
d) Dysthymic Disorder: This is a milder depression
than a major disorder, but it is more chronic and lasting.
e) Cyclothymic Disorder: This disorder consists
of recurrent depressive and manic episodes. It is like a chronic
f) Suicide: People who suffer from depression
are at high risk for suicide. People who threaten to commit suicide
often do, and those who try and fail will often try again. A factor
that strongly predicts suicide is hopelessness - the belief that
there is no escape from the psychological pain.
Emotional & Behavioural Disorders
& Somatoform Disorders
Stress & Physical Disorders
Dysfunction's, Paraphilias & Gender Identity Disorders
Psychotic and Neuropsychological Disorders
of Childhood & Adolescence
Retardation & Autism
& Violent Behaviour