are characterized by feelings of anxiety or behaviours that are
an attempt to prevent further anxiety. Anxiety can be characterized
by intense fear and tension, the avoidance of certain situations
that may produce anxiety, and physical responses to the anxiety
such as increased blood pressure and heart rate.
a) Panic Disorders: A person with panic disorder
experiences panic attacks - the sudden and unexpected onset of
severe anxiety. These panic attacks become intensely feared by
the individual, as they do not wish to experience them again however
they never know exactly when they will have another one. Panic
attacks are accompanied by dizziness, trembling, shortness of
breath and the impending feeling that catastrophe, loss of control
and even death are possible. Often, individuals become so scared
of having panic attacks that they will not leave their home in
fear that something will trigger another attack. This fear of
leaving ones home is called agoraphobia.
b) Generalized Anxiety Disorder: People who
experience generalized anxiety disorder are in a chronic state
of excessive and uncontrollable worry about important issues in
their lives. Generalized anxiety disorder tends to follow stressful
c) Phobias: A person with a phobia intensely
fears some object or situation. They will try to avoid this thing
at all costs. A specific phobia occurs when someone is fearful
of a particular object (i.e., a mouse) or situation (i.e., a closed
space). Social phobias include a fear of the disapproval of others
and of embarrassment and humiliation, and are triggered by social
d) Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: An individual
bothered by Obsessive compulsive disorder is bothered by recurring
and disturbing thoughts (obsessions) and/or actions (compulsions).
They seem unable to control these thoughts and obsessions, and
must perform them in order to feel "right."
e) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: PTSD is a
severe reaction that includes intense fear, helplessness or horror,
to traumatic events that may have posed mortal danger to a person.
These events include disaster, assault, and combat. A victim will
typically experience an event for long periods of time, show a
lack of interest in their surroundings, develop physical symptoms
and may suffer from depression, anxiety and guilt.
Emotional & Behavioural Disorders
& Somatoform Disorders
Stress & Physical Disorders
Dysfunction's, Paraphilias & Gender Identity Disorders
Psychotic and Neuropsychological Disorders
of Childhood & Adolescence
Retardation & Autism
& Violent Behaviour